Areas of Employment in Biology
Conservation biologists are involved in solving environmental problems and conserving the natural world for future generations. Park rangers protect state and national parks, and educate the general public. Zoo and aquarium biologists carry out endangered species recovery programs, and often work together with large landowners and special interest groups. Other potential employment opportunities exist with natural resource agencies and non-profit conservation organizations.
Biology teachers enjoy working with kids and helping them to learn new things, whether in a classroom, a research lab, or in the the field. At the high-school level, jobs are plentiful, though a teaching credential is required. Teaching younger students requires a general knowledge of science and skill at working with different kinds of learners. High school teachers often specialize in biology and may teach other courses if needed. College professors and lecturers specialize in biology, and engage in their own research, or serve as reviewers or editors for scientific journals.
Industrial biologists may work in genetic engineering, pharmaceutical development, medical technologies, or as a lab technician or technologist. Biologists may also work with drug companies and providers of scientific products and services to research and test new products. In fields such as bioinformatics and computational biology, researchers apply mathematical techniques to solve unique biological problems, such as modeling ecosystem processes and gene sequencing.
Forensic biologists work with police departments and other law enforcement agencies using scientific methods to discover and process evidence that can be used to solve crimes. Biologists in forensic science often choose a specialty, such as forensic odontology, forensic anthropology, or crime scene examination. Science advisors work with lawmakers to create new legislation on topics such as biomedical research and environmental protection.
Pre-med biology majors prepare for graduate school, in order to become doctors, dentists, veterinarians, and health care professionals. These positions generally offer a substantial salary and personal rewards, but the education required is long and rigorous.